What to Expect Before, During & After the Procedure
When there is a sudden increase in your prostate-specific antigen or PSA
and your family’s medical history includes cancer, your doctor may
recommend that you get a prostate biopsy. This may seem like a frightening
proposal to any men, but getting a prostate biopsy is essential in determining
your overall health and can even save your life in the long run.
Prostate biopsy is actually an easy outpatient procedure that only takes
15 to 30 minutes. The methods used are safe and do not cause problems
with erections and fertility. For the duration of the process, you will
be under local or general anesthesia so you won’t even feel a thing.
After your prostate biopsy, you can walk out of the clinic or as if nothing
happened and the rest is up to the doctors who will give you the results
in about 10 days.
Typically doctors will prescribe an antibiotic to prevent infection. The
antibiotic should be taken the day before the procedure and continued
for 3-5 days.
Types of Procedures
During a prostate biopsy, the doctor uses a thin needle to remove small
samples of prostate tissue. The doctor will then examine this under a
microscope and look for abnormalities including cancer cells.
There are three ways to do the procedure:
Transrectal method – The most common type where tissues are removed through the rectum.
Perineal method – This is done through the skin between the scrotum and rectum.
Transurethral method – Prostate tissues are removed through the urethra using a cystoscope.
The choice of procedure may vary depending on your condition and your health
care provider, but all three procedures are safe, fast, and with little
to no pain.
Risks & Side Effects
While the majority of men who undergo prostate biopsy experience few to
no significant side effects, some report minor problems after the procedure.
Here are some of the reported side effects from the procedure:
- Slight soreness from your rectum
- Light bleeding
- Blood in your urine, stools, or semen for a few days
Recovery depends on the type of anesthesia that was used. If local anesthesia
was used for your procedure, you may resume your normal activities. If
general anesthesia was used, you may need someone to take you home and
wait for at least four hours to go back to your normal routine.
Prostate biopsy can be less frightening if you keep in mind that the procedure
only takes half an hour and getting one is your first step to taking charge
of your prostate health.
This article contains general information about medical conditions and
treatments. The information is not medical advice and should not be treated
as such. The information is not intended to replace the advice or diagnosis
of a physician.
If you have any specific questions about any medical matter you should
consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.